LiDAR and satellite elevation data

PhotoSat verifies accuracy of DigitalGlobe’s 30cm WorldView-3 satellite elevation data to within 15cm

PhotoSat has recently completed a study to measure the accuracy of the elevation grid produced from the new 30cm resolution WorldView-3 (WV3) satellite. We measured the accuracy of our topographic mapping by comparing it to a highly accurate LiDAR elevation grid. The study was carried out over an 88 km2 area in Southeast California that overlaps an Open Topography LiDAR survey.

Read the full elevation accuracy report here (PDF)

For the study, PhotoSat produced a 50cm grid of elevations using our proprietary geophysical processing technology with stereo satellite images taken by WV3. Our resulting elevations were then compared to a 50cm LiDAR elevation grid, which is accurate to about 5cm. The resulting 15cm RMSE elevation accuracy was impressively achieved using a single ground reference point.

Below are some images of the elevation surveys and the differences between the datasets. You can also view the full WorldView-3 elevation accuracy study (PDF) on our website.

For more information on our highly accurate satellite topography, contact us at info@photosat.ca or 1-604-681-9770.

WV3 30cm resolution satellite ortho photo
Figure 1: WV3 30cm resolution satellite ortho photo created from WV3 stereo photos, for the area of the LiDAR survey used in this study.

LiDAR elevation grid
Figure 2: An image showing a portion of the LiDAR elevation grid. Lower elevations are blue, and higher elevations are red.

PhotoSat’s WV3 elevation grid image
Figure 3: PhotoSat’s WV3 elevation grid image covering the area of the LiDAR image. The grid has an elevation point every 50cm. At this scale, the LiDAR and WV3 images are identical. Lower elevations are blue, and higher elevations are red.

PhotoSat’s WV3 elevation grid clipped to the LiDAR extents
Figure 4: PhotoSat’s WV3 elevation grid clipped to the LiDAR extents, for areas with slopes less than 20% grade. Areas where development occurred since the 2008 LiDAR survey were removed for the accuracy analysis.

Differences between our WV3 elevation grid and the LiDAR elevation grid
Figure 5: The differences between our WV3 elevation grid and the LiDAR elevation grid, for areas with slopes less than 20% grade, are shown in a standard histogram on the left and a cumulative histogram on the right. If we assume that the LiDAR is perfect, the WV3 elevations have a Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) of 15cm. Ninety percent of the WV3 elevations are within 22cm of the LiDAR elevations giving a 90% Linear Error (LE90) of 22cm.

Comparison of the LiDAR and WV3 elevation grids for 1000m wide area
Figure 6: Comparison of the LiDAR and WV3 elevation grids for 1000m wide area. Minor differences between the elevation grids are visible at this scale.

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