PhotoSat PRISM stereo satellite mapping accuracy study, Asmara, Eritrea, 3 GCP, RMSE 1.2m

  • 2,300km2 mapped using only one ground reference survey point
  • This ALOS PRISM satellite elevation mapping accuracy is accurate to 1.2m RMSE, determined by 7,469 survey checkpoints
  • October 2007 PRISM stereo satellite photos processed by PhotoSat in October 2016

Summary report below:

Gerry Mitchell, P. Geo, Geophysicist, President PhotoSat
November, 2016

A 5m grid of elevation values, covering an area of 2,300 square kilometres, was produced over the PhotoSat test area in Eritrea. The elevation grid was made using geophysical processing of 2.5m ground resolution stereo satellite photos taken by the PRISM satellite. The stereo satellite elevation processing was referenced to three ground map point. The elevation mapping accuracy was measured with over 7,000 survey checkpoints.

PRISM colour image with 5.0m contours from the PhotoSat PRISM map of the Eritrea test area.

PRISM colour image with 5.0m contours from the PhotoSat PRISM map of the Eritrea test area.

Stereo satellite photos:

PhotoSat satellite mapping uses high quality stereo satellite photos. These photos are taken by the satellite as it passes over the mapping area along a north to south satellite orbit. The satellite photographs the same ground area within a minute or two, so the ground conditions are close to identical on each photo. The difference in appearance of ground features on the photos is due to the different look directions of the satellite camera.

PhotoSat geophysical stereo satellite processing system:

Elevations of ground features are determined by measuring the apparent shift in location of the features between the two satellite photos. PhotoSat uses a proprietary geophysical processing system to generate elevations from stereo satellite photos. This system is described in a PhotoSat white paper published at a 2010 ASPRS conference.

Eritrea satellite photos:

The pair of stereo PRISM satellite photos over the Eritrea test area were taken on October 24, 2007.

Eritrea elevation grid:

PhotoSat produced a 5m grid of elevations over the entire project area. We processed the stereo PRISM photos with our geophysical stereo satellite processing system in October 2016.

Ground reference points:

With this accuracy study we are demonstrating that we can produce highly accurate PRISM elevation mapping with three ground reference points. Having as little as three ground reference points for a 2,300km2 satellite mapping project is not uncommon in mining exploration projects.

Accuracy evaluation checkpoints:

The accuracy of the PhotoSat 5m elevation grid was evaluated with 7,469 ground survey checkpoints. These points were originally surveyed for a large mining exploration gravity survey conducted between 2004 and 2008 by MWH Geophysics.

The elevation checkpoints were surveyed to an accuracy of 2cm using Real Time Kinematic GPS map equipment. The accuracy checkpoints consist of a 250m by 250m regional grid of points.

PRISM 2.5m stereo satellite photo. Asmara, Eritrea.

PRISM 2.5m stereo satellite photo. Asmara, Eritrea.

 

Stereo PRISM elevation image created from the 5m PhotoSat Asmara, Eritrea satellite elevation grid.

Stereo PRISM elevation image created from the 5m PhotoSat Asmara, Eritrea satellite elevation grid.

 

Stereo PRISM elevation image showing the location of the ground control point and the 7,469 elevation checkpoints.

Stereo PRISM elevation image showing the location of the ground control point and the 7,469 elevation checkpoints.

Elevation mapping accuracy statistics:

The Guidelines for Digital Elevation Data of the US National Digital Elevation Program (NDEP) recommends that elevation checkpoints should be chosen in areas with slopes less than 20% grade. The 7,469 elevation checkpoints with slopes less than 20% grade have an RMSE of 1.19m.

Histogram of the elevation differences between the PRISM stereo satellite elevations for the 60km by 40km area and the 7,469 elevation checkpoints with slopes less than 20% grade. The Guidelines for Digital Elevation Data of the US National Digital Elevation Program (NDEP) recommends that elevation checkpoints should be chosen in areas with slopes less than 20% grade. RMSE 1.19m, LE90 2.02m.

Histogram of the elevation differences between the PRISM stereo satellite elevations for the 60km by 40km area and the 7,469 elevation checkpoints with slopes less than 20% grade. The Guidelines for Digital Elevation Data of the US National Digital Elevation Program (NDEP) recommends that elevation checkpoints should be chosen in areas with slopes less than 20% grade. RMSE 1.19m, LE90 2.02m.

 

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